A. Research Method
According to Kothari C.R (2004:1) research is an art of scientific investigation. A study has research design (research design) specific. This design illustrates the procedure or steps that must be taken, data sources and conditions of the meaning of what data is collected and the way how the data is collected and processed.
The method that will use in this research is descriptive qualitative descriptive. Stuart MacDonald & Nicola Headlam (1986:8) state that qualitative concerned with a quality of information, qualitative methods attempt to gain an understanding of the underlying reasons and motivations for actions and establish how people interpret their experiences and the world around them. This research highlights the phenomenon of language by use the non interactive research or non interactive inquiry also called as analytical research, conduct of assessments based on the analysis of documents.
B. The Source of data
The source of the data is derived from two main sources, namely:
1. From folklore written in Pakpak language entitle Pande Kata Pakpak written by M.Aris Gajah and Mansehat Manik (2006)
2. From short story of Pakpak language written by Wardin Berutu taken from http://pakpak pakpakblog.blogspot.com/2012/09/cerpen-pakpak-pakpak-ngo-kene-keppe.html
C. The technique for collecting data
The techniques for collecting data in this research use documentary technique. Bailey in Mogalakwe 2006: 221 states that the use of documentary methods refers to the analysis of documents that contain information about the phenomenon we wish to study. S0, the documentary technique means the data will find by reading, studying and analyzing.
D. The technique for analyzing data
The technique of analyzing data applied the structural approach developed by Hockett and Robin (1959) and applied by kridalaksana (1996). According to Hockett and Robin as well as Kridalaksana (1996: 25) that there are two techniques for analyzing data in structural approach for analyzing data in morphology, namely:1. Item and Arrangement Model (IAM) and 2. Item and Process Model (IPM).
1. Item and Arrangement Model (IAM)
The arrangements are:
prefix + Operandd(V) + suffix Noun
per- + O(v)+ -en
prefix + Operandd(A) + suffix Noun
ke- + O(A) + -en
2. Item and Process Model (IPM)
Kridalaksana states that Item and Process (IPM) analysis 2 main points, such as: base and process, example: “permanganen” the base word is mangan and mangan become permanganen is occurs by attached confix per-en. The base is mangan and the process is confix per-en.
E. The procedures of Analysis Data
The procedures for analyzing data used is structural approach which developed by Hockett and Robin (1959) and Kridalaksana (1996: 25). So, the procedures are:
1. Selecting the Verb and Adjective in the data as the base component of Noun formation in Pakpak Language
2. Identifying the Affixation process as the element of Noun formation in Pakpak Language
3. Finding the dominant affix used in noun formation of Pakpak language
4. Grouping the data which consist of reduplication and complication
5. Interpreting the data that is consist of assimilation by morphophonemic process
6. Making the conclusion of all the data that has been analyzed